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SoField Class Referenceabstract

The SoField class is the top-level abstract base class for fields. More...

#include <Inventor/fields/SoField.h>

Inheritance diagram for SoField:
SoMField SoSField SoMFBool SoMFColor SoMFColorRGBA SoMFDouble SoMFEngine SoMFEnum SoMFFloat SoMFInt32 SoMFMatrix SoMFName SoMFNode SoMFPath SoMFPlane SoMFRotation SoMFShort SoMFString SoMFTime SoMFUInt32 SoMFUShort SoMFVec2b SoMFVec2d SoMFVec2f SoMFVec2i32 SoMFVec2s SoMFVec3b SoMFVec3d SoMFVec3f SoMFVec3i32 SoMFVec3s SoMFVec4b SoMFVec4d SoMFVec4f SoMFVec4i32 SoMFVec4s SoMFVec4ub SoMFVec4ui32 SoMFVec4us SoSFBool SoSFBox2d SoSFBox2f SoSFBox2i32 SoSFBox2s SoSFBox3d SoSFBox3f SoSFBox3i32 SoSFBox3s SoSFColor SoSFColorRGBA SoSFDouble SoSFEngine SoSFEnum SoSFFloat SoSFImage SoSFImage3 SoSFInt32 SoSFMatrix SoSFName SoSFNode SoSFPath SoSFPlane SoSFRotation SoSFShort SoSFString SoSFTime SoSFTrigger SoSFUInt32 SoSFUShort SoSFVec2b SoSFVec2d SoSFVec2f SoSFVec2i32 SoSFVec2s SoSFVec3b SoSFVec3d SoSFVec3f SoSFVec3i32 SoSFVec3s SoSFVec4b SoSFVec4d SoSFVec4f SoSFVec4i32 SoSFVec4s SoSFVec4ub SoSFVec4ui32 SoSFVec4us

Public Types

enum  FieldType { NORMAL_FIELD = 0, EVENTIN_FIELD, EVENTOUT_FIELD, EXPOSED_FIELD }
 

Public Member Functions

virtual ~SoField ()
 
void setIgnored (SbBool ignore)
 
SbBool isIgnored (void) const
 
void setDefault (SbBool defaultVal)
 
SbBool isDefault (void) const
 
virtual SoType getTypeId (void) const =0
 
SbBool isOfType (const SoType type) const
 
void enableConnection (SbBool flag)
 
SbBool isConnectionEnabled (void) const
 
SbBool connectFrom (SoEngineOutput *master, SbBool notnotify=FALSE, SbBool append=FALSE)
 
SbBool appendConnection (SoEngineOutput *master, SbBool notnotify=FALSE)
 
void disconnect (SoEngineOutput *engineoutput)
 
SbBool isConnectedFromEngine (void) const
 
SbBool getConnectedEngine (SoEngineOutput *&master) const
 
SbBool connectFrom (SoField *master, SbBool notnotify=FALSE, SbBool append=FALSE)
 
SbBool appendConnection (SoField *master, SbBool notnotify=FALSE)
 
void disconnect (SoField *field)
 
SbBool isConnectedFromField (void) const
 
SbBool getConnectedField (SoField *&master) const
 
int getNumConnections (void) const
 
int getForwardConnections (SoFieldList &slavelist) const
 
int getConnections (SoFieldList &masterlist) const
 
void disconnect (void)
 
SbBool isConnected (void) const
 
void setContainer (SoFieldContainer *cont)
 
SoFieldContainergetContainer (void) const
 
SbBool set (const char *valuestring)
 
void get (SbString &valuestring)
 
SbBool shouldWrite (void) const
 
virtual void touch (void)
 
virtual void startNotify (void)
 
virtual void notify (SoNotList *nlist)
 
SbBool enableNotify (SbBool on)
 
SbBool isNotifyEnabled (void) const
 
void addAuditor (void *f, SoNotRec::Type type)
 
void removeAuditor (void *f, SoNotRec::Type type)
 
int operator== (const SoField &f) const
 
int operator!= (const SoField &f) const
 
virtual void connectionStatusChanged (int numconnections)
 
SbBool isReadOnly (void) const
 
virtual SbBool isSame (const SoField &f) const =0
 
virtual void copyFrom (const SoField &f)=0
 
virtual void fixCopy (SbBool copyconnections)
 
virtual SbBool referencesCopy (void) const
 
void copyConnection (const SoField *fromfield)
 
virtual SbBool read (SoInput *input, const SbName &name)
 
virtual void write (SoOutput *out, const SbName &name) const
 
virtual void countWriteRefs (SoOutput *out) const
 
void setFieldType (int type)
 
int getFieldType (void) const
 
SbBool getDirty (void) const
 
void setDirty (SbBool dirty)
 
void evaluate (void) const
 

Static Public Member Functions

static void initClass (void)
 
static void initClasses (void)
 
static void cleanupClass (void)
 
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
 

Protected Member Functions

 SoField (void)
 
void valueChanged (SbBool resetdefault=TRUE)
 
virtual void evaluateConnection (void) const
 
virtual SbBool readValue (SoInput *in)=0
 
virtual void writeValue (SoOutput *out) const =0
 
virtual SbBool readConnection (SoInput *in)
 
virtual void writeConnection (SoOutput *out) const
 
SbBool isDestructing (void) const
 
virtual SoNotRec createNotRec (SoBase *cont)
 

Detailed Description

The SoField class is the top-level abstract base class for fields.

Fields is the mechanism used throughout Coin for encapsulating basic data types to detect changes made to them, and to provide conversion, import and export facilities.

Almost all public properties in nodes are stored in fields, and so are the inputs and outputs of engines. So fields can be viewed as the major mechanism for scene graph nodes and engines to expose their public API.

Forcing data modification to go through a public function interface while hiding the data members makes it possible to automatically detect and react upon changes in the data structures set up by the application programmer.

E.g. the default behavior when changing the value of a field in a scene graph node is that there'll automatically be a chain of notifications – from the field to the owner node, from that node to its parent node, etc all the way through to the top-most root node, where the need for a rendering update will be signaled to the application.

(This notification mechanism is the underlying feature that makes the Coin library classify as a so-called data-driven scene graph API.

The practical consequences of this is that rendering and many other processing actions is default scheduled to only happen when something has changed in the retained data structures, making the Coin library under normal circumstances much less CPU intensive than so-called "application-driven" scene graph API, like for instance SGI IRIS Performer, which are continuously re-rendering even when nothing has changed in the data structures or with the camera viewport.)

Storing data members as fields also provides other conveniences for the application programmer:

  • Fields can be connected to other fields. This makes it for instance possible to have "self-updating" scenes, i.e. you can set up scenes where entities automatically react to changes in other entities. This also provides a necessary mechanism for having "auto-animating" scenes, as it is possible to connect any field to the global field named realTime, providing a wall-clock timer.
  • When connecting fields to each other, Coin has built-in mechanisms for automatically converting between different field types.
  • Fields provide persistance for scene graph import (and export) operations. This includes animating entities, so animations can be stored within ordinary Inventor format files.
  • Fields provides features for introspection: they have a type-system, just like for nodes and actions, they are named, and it is also possible to find out which node, engine or other entity owns a field.
  • Fields can hold multiple values. Multi-value fields comes with a much higher level interface abstraction than standard C/C++ arrays.

Note: there are some field classes which have been obsoleted from the Open Inventor API. They are: SoSFLong, SoSFULong, SoMFLong and SoMFULong. You should use these classes instead (respectively): SoSFInt32, SoSFUInt32, SoMFInt32 and SoMFUInt32.

For extending the Coin library with your own classes, we strongly recommend that you make yourself acquainted with the excellent «The Inventor Toolmaker» book (ISBN 0-201-62493-1), which describes the tasks involved in detail. This book was written by the original SGI Inventor designers and explains many of the underlying design ideas, aswell as having lots of hands-on examples on how to extend the Coin toolkit in ways that are true to the fundamental design ideas. («The Inventor Toolmaker» is also available at SGI's online library, at no cost. See Download The Inventor Toolmaker.) Reading the source code of the built-in classes in Coin should also prove very helpful.

See also
SoFieldContainer, SoFieldData

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

◆ ~SoField()

SoField::~SoField ( )
virtual

Destructor. Disconnects ourself from any connected field or engine before we disconnect all auditors on the field.

◆ SoField()

SoField::SoField ( void  )
protected

This is the base constructor for field classes. It takes care of doing the common parts of data initialization in fields.

Member Function Documentation

◆ initClass()

void SoField::initClass ( void  )
static

Internal method called upon initialization of the library (from SoDB::init()) to set up the type system.

◆ initClasses()

void SoField::initClasses ( void  )
static

Initialize all the field classes.

◆ setIgnored()

void SoField::setIgnored ( SbBool  ignore)

Sets the flag which indicates whether or not the field should be ignored during certain operations.

The effect of this flag depends on what type of field it is used on, and the type of the node which includes the field.

This flag is represented in Inventor files by a ~ behind the field name. The flag is in other words persistent.

See also
isIgnored()

◆ isIgnored()

SbBool SoField::isIgnored ( void  ) const

Returns the ignore flag.

See also
setIgnored()

◆ setDefault()

void SoField::setDefault ( SbBool  def)

Set whether or not this field should be marked as containing a default value.

See also
isDefault()

◆ isDefault()

SbBool SoField::isDefault ( void  ) const

Check if the field contains its default value. Fields which have their default value intact will normally not be included in the output when writing scene graphs out to a file, for instance.

See also
setDefault()

◆ getTypeId()

◆ getClassTypeId()

SoType SoField::getClassTypeId ( void  )
static

Returns a unique type identifier for this field class.

See also
getTypeId(), SoType

◆ isOfType()

SbBool SoField::isOfType ( const SoType  type) const

Check if this instance is of a derived type or is the same type as the one given with the type parameter.

◆ enableConnection()

void SoField::enableConnection ( SbBool  flag)

This sets a flag value which indicates whether or not the set up connection should be considered active. For as long as the "enable connection" flag is FALSE, no value propagation will be done from any connected source field, engine or interpolator into this field.

If the connection is first disabled and then enabled again, the field will automatically be synchronized with any master field, engine or interpolator.

See also
isConnectionEnabled()

◆ isConnectionEnabled()

SbBool SoField::isConnectionEnabled ( void  ) const

Return the current status of the connection enabled flag.

See also
enableConnection()

◆ connectFrom() [1/2]

SbBool SoField::connectFrom ( SoEngineOutput master,
SbBool  notnotify = FALSE,
SbBool  append = FALSE 
)

Connects this field as a slave to master. This means that the value of this field will be automatically updated when master is changed (as long as the connection also is enabled).

If this field had any master-relationships beforehand, these are all broken up if append is FALSE.

Call with notnotify if you want to avoid the initial notification of connected auditors (a.k.a. slaves).

Function will return TRUE unless:

  • If the field output connected from is of a different type from the engine output field-type connected to, a field converter is inserted. For some combinations of fields no such conversion is possible, and we'll return FALSE.
  • If this field is already connected to the master, we will return FALSE.
See also
enableConnection(), isConnectionEnabled(), isConnectedFromField()
getConnectedField(), appendConnection(SoEngineOutput *)

◆ appendConnection() [1/2]

SbBool SoField::appendConnection ( SoEngineOutput master,
SbBool  notnotify = FALSE 
)

Connect ourself as slave to another object, while still keeping the other connections currently in place.

See also
connectFrom()

◆ disconnect() [1/3]

void SoField::disconnect ( SoEngineOutput master)

Disconnect this field as a slave from master.

◆ isConnectedFromEngine()

SbBool SoField::isConnectedFromEngine ( void  ) const

Returns TRUE if we're connected from an engine.

See also
isConnected(), isConnectedFromField()
connectFrom(SoEngineOutput *)

◆ getConnectedEngine()

SbBool SoField::getConnectedEngine ( SoEngineOutput *&  master) const

Returns TRUE if we are connected as a slave to at least one engine. master will be set to the source of the last engine connection made.

See also
isConnectedFromEngine(), connectFrom(SoEngineOutput *)
appendConnection(SoEngineOutput *)

◆ connectFrom() [2/2]

SbBool SoField::connectFrom ( SoField master,
SbBool  notnotify = FALSE,
SbBool  append = FALSE 
)

Connects this field as a slave to master. This means that the value of this field will be automatically updated when master is changed (as long as the connection also is enabled).

If this field had any connections to master fields beforehand, these are all broken up if append is FALSE.

Call with notnotify if you want to avoid the initial notification of connected auditors (a.k.a. slaves).

Function will return TRUE unless:

  • If the field connected from has a different type from the field connected to, a field converter is inserted. For some combinations of fields no such conversion is possible, and we'll return FALSE.
  • If this field is already connected to the master, we will return FALSE.
See also
enableConnection(), isConnectionEnabled(), isConnectedFromField()
getConnectedField(), appendConnection(SoField *)

◆ appendConnection() [2/2]

SbBool SoField::appendConnection ( SoField master,
SbBool  notnotify = FALSE 
)

Connect ourself as slave to another object, while still keeping the other connections currently in place.

See also
connectFrom()

◆ disconnect() [2/3]

void SoField::disconnect ( SoField master)

Disconnect this field as a slave from master.

◆ isConnectedFromField()

SbBool SoField::isConnectedFromField ( void  ) const

Returns TRUE if we're a slave of at least one field.

See also
isConnected(), isConnectedFromEngine()
connectFrom(SoField *)

◆ getConnectedField()

SbBool SoField::getConnectedField ( SoField *&  master) const

Returns TRUE if we are connected as a slave to at least one other field. master will be set to the source field in the last field connection made.

See also
isConnectedFromField(), connectFrom(SoField *),
appendConnection(SoField *)

◆ getNumConnections()

int SoField::getNumConnections ( void  ) const

Returns number of fields this field is a slave of.

See also
getConnections()

◆ getForwardConnections()

int SoField::getForwardConnections ( SoFieldList slavelist) const

Appends all the fields which are auditing this field in slavelist, and returns the number of fields which are our slaves.

◆ getConnections()

int SoField::getConnections ( SoFieldList masterlist) const

Returns number of masters this field is connected to, and places pointers to all of them into masterlist.

Note that we replace the contents of masterlist, i.e. we're not appending new data.

See also
getNumConnections()

◆ disconnect() [3/3]

void SoField::disconnect ( void  )

Disconnect all connections from this field as a slave to master fields or engine outputs.

◆ isConnected()

SbBool SoField::isConnected ( void  ) const

Returns TRUE if we're connected from another field, engine or interpolator.

See also
isConnectedFromField(), isConnectedFromEngine()
connectFrom()

◆ setContainer()

void SoField::setContainer ( SoFieldContainer cont)

Let the field know to which container it belongs.

See also
getContainer(), SoFieldContainer

◆ getContainer()

SoFieldContainer * SoField::getContainer ( void  ) const

Returns the SoFieldContainer object "owning" this field.

See also
SoFieldContainer, setContainer()

◆ set()

SbBool SoField::set ( const char *  valuestring)

Set the field's value through the given valuestring. The format of the string must adhere to the ASCII format used in Coin data format files.

Only the value should be specified - not the name of the field.

FALSE is returned if the field value is invalid for the field type and can't be parsed in any sensible way.

See also
get()

◆ get()

void SoField::get ( SbString valuestring)

Returns the field's value as an ASCII string in the export data format for Inventor files.

See also
set()

◆ shouldWrite()

SbBool SoField::shouldWrite ( void  ) const

Returns TRUE if it is necessary to write the field when dumping a scene graph. This needs to be done if the field is not default (it has been changed from its default value), if it is ignored, or if it is connected from another field or engine.

◆ touch()

void SoField::touch ( void  )
virtual

Notify the field as well as the field's owner / container that it has been changed.

Touching a field which is part of any component (engine or node) in a scene graph will lead to a forced redraw. This is useful if you have been doing several updates to the field wrapped in a pair of enableNotify() calls to notify the field's auditors that its value has changed.

See also
setValue(), enableNotify()

Reimplemented in SoSFTrigger.

◆ startNotify()

void SoField::startNotify ( void  )
virtual

Trigger a notification sequence.

At the end of a notification sequence, all "immediate" sensors (i.e. sensors set up with a zero priority) are triggered.

Reimplemented in SoSFTrigger.

◆ notify()

void SoField::notify ( SoNotList nlist)
virtual

Notify auditors that this field has changed.

Reimplemented in SoSFTrigger, SoMFPath, and SoSFPath.

◆ enableNotify()

SbBool SoField::enableNotify ( SbBool  on)

This method sets whether notification will be propagated on changing the value of the field. The old value of the setting is returned.

See also
isNotifyEnabled()

◆ isNotifyEnabled()

SbBool SoField::isNotifyEnabled ( void  ) const

This method returns whether notification of changes to the field value are propagated to the auditors.

See also
enableNotify()

◆ addAuditor()

void SoField::addAuditor ( void *  f,
SoNotRec::Type  type 
)

Add an auditor to the list. All auditors will be notified whenever this field changes its value(s).

◆ removeAuditor()

void SoField::removeAuditor ( void *  f,
SoNotRec::Type  type 
)

Remove an auditor from the list.

◆ operator==()

int SoField::operator== ( const SoField f) const

Checks for equality. Returns 0 if the fields are of different type or the field's value(s) are not equal.

◆ operator!=()

int SoField::operator!= ( const SoField f) const

Returns TRUE if the fields are of different type or have different value.

◆ connectionStatusChanged()

void SoField::connectionStatusChanged ( int  numconnections)
virtual

Called whenever another slave attaches or detaches itself to us. numconnections is the difference in number of connections made (i.e. if stuff is disconnected, numconnections will be a negative number).

The default method is empty. Override in subclasses if you want do something special on connections/disconnections.

◆ isReadOnly()

SbBool SoField::isReadOnly ( void  ) const

Returns TRUE if this field should not be written into at the moment the method is called.

This method is used internally in Coin during notification and evaluation processes, and should normally not be of interest to the application programmer.

◆ isSame()

◆ copyFrom()

◆ fixCopy()

void SoField::fixCopy ( SbBool  copyconnections)
virtual

This method is internally called after SoField::copyFrom() during scene graph copies, and should do the operations necessary for fixing up the field instance after it has gotten a new value.

The default method in the SoField superclass does nothing.

The application programmer should normally not need to consider this method, unless he constructs a complex field type which contains new references to container instances (i.e. nodes or engines). Overriding this method is then necessary to update the reference pointers, as they could have been duplicated during the copy operation.

Reimplemented in SoSFEngine, SoSFNode, SoMFPath, SoSFPath, SoMFEngine, and SoMFNode.

◆ referencesCopy()

SbBool SoField::referencesCopy ( void  ) const
virtual

Returns TRUE if this field has references to any containers in the scene graph which are also duplicated during the copy operation.

Note that this method only is valid to call during copy operations.

See also the note about the relevance of the fixCopy() method for application programmers, as it is applicable on this method as well.

Reimplemented in SoSFEngine, SoSFNode, SoMFPath, SoSFPath, SoMFEngine, and SoMFNode.

◆ copyConnection()

void SoField::copyConnection ( const SoField fromfield)

If fromfield contains a connection to another field, make this field also use the same connection.

◆ read()

SbBool SoField::read ( SoInput in,
const SbName name 
)
virtual

Reads and sets the value of this field from the given SoInput instance. Returns FALSE if the field value cannot be parsed from the input.

The second argument is the field's context-specific name, which is typically its unique identifier in its field container.

See also
set(), write()

◆ write()

void SoField::write ( SoOutput out,
const SbName name 
) const
virtual

Write the value of the field to the given SoOutput instance (which can be either a memory buffer or a file, in ASCII or in binary format).

See also
get(), read(), SoOutput

◆ countWriteRefs()

void SoField::countWriteRefs ( SoOutput out) const
virtual

This method is called during the first pass of write operations, to count the number of write references to this field and to "forward" the reference counting operation to the field containers we're connected to.

◆ setFieldType()

void SoField::setFieldType ( int  type)

Set type of this field.

The possible values for type is: 0 for ordinary fields, 1 for eventIn fields, 2 for eventOut fields, 3 for internal fields, 4 for VRML2 exposedField fields. There are also enum values in SoField.h.

◆ getFieldType()

int SoField::getFieldType ( void  ) const

Return the type of this field.

See also
setFieldType()

◆ getDirty()

SbBool SoField::getDirty ( void  ) const

Do we need re-evaluation?

◆ setDirty()

void SoField::setDirty ( SbBool  dirty)

Mark field for re-evaluation (upon next read operation), but do not trigger a notification.

◆ evaluate()

void SoField::evaluate ( void  ) const
inline

Re-evaluates the value of this field any time a getValue() call is made and the field is marked dirty. This is done in this way to gain the advantages of having lazy evaluation.

◆ valueChanged()

void SoField::valueChanged ( SbBool  resetdefault = TRUE)
protected

This method is always called whenever the field's value has been changed by direct invocation of setValue() or some such. You should never call this method from anywhere in the code where the field value is being set through an evaluation of its connections.

If resetdefault is TRUE, the flag marking whether or not the field has its default value will be set to FALSE.

The method will also notify any auditors that the field's value has changed.

◆ evaluateConnection()

void SoField::evaluateConnection ( void  ) const
protectedvirtual

If we're connected to a field/engine/interpolator, copy the value from the master source.

◆ readValue()

SbBool SoField::readValue ( SoInput in)
protectedpure virtual

Read field value(s).

◆ writeValue()

void SoField::writeValue ( SoOutput out) const
protectedpure virtual

Write field value(s).

◆ readConnection()

SbBool SoField::readConnection ( SoInput in)
protectedvirtual

Read the master field of a field-to-field connection (and its field container).

If input parsing is successful, this field will be connected as a slave to the master field.

Note that this slave field will not be marked as "dirty" upon connection, i.e. it will retain its value until the first update of the master field is made after the connection was set up. This to be in conformance with how the Inventor Mentor specifies how field connections should be imported (see page 270).

◆ writeConnection()

void SoField::writeConnection ( SoOutput out) const
protectedvirtual

Write out information about this field's connection.

◆ isDestructing()

SbBool SoField::isDestructing ( void  ) const
protected

Can be used to check if a field is being destructed.


The documentation for this class was generated from the following files: