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SoSFImage Class Reference

The SoSFImage class is used to store pixel images. More...

#include <Inventor/fields/SoSFImage.h>

Inheritance diagram for SoSFImage:
SoSField SoField

Public Types

enum  CopyPolicy { COPY, NO_COPY, NO_COPY_AND_DELETE, NO_COPY_AND_FREE }
 
- Public Types inherited from SoField
enum  FieldType { NORMAL_FIELD = 0, EVENTIN_FIELD, EVENTOUT_FIELD, EXPOSED_FIELD }
 

Public Member Functions

virtual SoType getTypeId (void) const
 
virtual void copyFrom (const SoField &field)
 
const SoSFImageoperator= (const SoSFImage &field)
 
virtual SbBool isSame (const SoField &field) const
 
const unsigned char * getValue (SbVec2s &size, int &nc) const
 
const SbImagegetValue () const
 
void setValue (const SbVec2s &size, const int nc, const unsigned char *pixels, CopyPolicy copypolicy=COPY)
 
int operator== (const SoSFImage &field) const
 
int operator!= (const SoSFImage &field) const
 
unsigned char * startEditing (SbVec2s &size, int &nc)
 
void finishEditing (void)
 
void setSubValue (const SbVec2s &dims, const SbVec2s &offset, unsigned char *pixels)
 
void setSubValues (const SbVec2s *dims, const SbVec2s *offsets, int num, unsigned char **pixelblocks)
 
unsigned char * getSubTexture (int idx, SbVec2s &dims, SbVec2s &offset) const
 
SbBool hasSubTextures (int &numsubtextures)
 
void setNeverWrite (SbBool flag)
 
SbBool isNeverWrite (void) const
 
SbBool hasTransparency (void) const
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from SoSField
virtual ~SoSField ()
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from SoField
virtual ~SoField ()
 
void setIgnored (SbBool ignore)
 
SbBool isIgnored (void) const
 
void setDefault (SbBool defaultVal)
 
SbBool isDefault (void) const
 
SbBool isOfType (const SoType type) const
 
void enableConnection (SbBool flag)
 
SbBool isConnectionEnabled (void) const
 
SbBool connectFrom (SoEngineOutput *master, SbBool notnotify=FALSE, SbBool append=FALSE)
 
SbBool appendConnection (SoEngineOutput *master, SbBool notnotify=FALSE)
 
void disconnect (SoEngineOutput *engineoutput)
 
SbBool isConnectedFromEngine (void) const
 
SbBool getConnectedEngine (SoEngineOutput *&master) const
 
SbBool connectFrom (SoField *master, SbBool notnotify=FALSE, SbBool append=FALSE)
 
SbBool appendConnection (SoField *master, SbBool notnotify=FALSE)
 
void disconnect (SoField *field)
 
SbBool isConnectedFromField (void) const
 
SbBool getConnectedField (SoField *&master) const
 
int getNumConnections (void) const
 
int getForwardConnections (SoFieldList &slavelist) const
 
int getConnections (SoFieldList &masterlist) const
 
void disconnect (void)
 
SbBool isConnected (void) const
 
void setContainer (SoFieldContainer *cont)
 
SoFieldContainergetContainer (void) const
 
SbBool set (const char *valuestring)
 
void get (SbString &valuestring)
 
SbBool shouldWrite (void) const
 
virtual void touch (void)
 
virtual void startNotify (void)
 
virtual void notify (SoNotList *nlist)
 
SbBool enableNotify (SbBool on)
 
SbBool isNotifyEnabled (void) const
 
void addAuditor (void *f, SoNotRec::Type type)
 
void removeAuditor (void *f, SoNotRec::Type type)
 
int operator== (const SoField &f) const
 
int operator!= (const SoField &f) const
 
virtual void connectionStatusChanged (int numconnections)
 
SbBool isReadOnly (void) const
 
virtual void fixCopy (SbBool copyconnections)
 
virtual SbBool referencesCopy (void) const
 
void copyConnection (const SoField *fromfield)
 
virtual SbBool read (SoInput *input, const SbName &name)
 
virtual void write (SoOutput *out, const SbName &name) const
 
virtual void countWriteRefs (SoOutput *out) const
 
void setFieldType (int type)
 
int getFieldType (void) const
 
SbBool getDirty (void) const
 
void setDirty (SbBool dirty)
 
void evaluate (void) const
 

Static Public Member Functions

static void * createInstance (void)
 
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
 
static void initClass (void)
 
- Static Public Member Functions inherited from SoSField
static void initClass (void)
 
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
 
static void atexit_cleanup (void)
 
- Static Public Member Functions inherited from SoField
static void initClass (void)
 
static void initClasses (void)
 
static void cleanupClass (void)
 
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
 

Additional Inherited Members

- Protected Member Functions inherited from SoSField
 SoSField (void)
 
- Protected Member Functions inherited from SoField
 SoField (void)
 
void valueChanged (SbBool resetdefault=TRUE)
 
virtual void evaluateConnection (void) const
 
virtual SbBool readConnection (SoInput *in)
 
virtual void writeConnection (SoOutput *out) const
 
SbBool isDestructing (void) const
 
virtual SoNotRec createNotRec (SoBase *cont)
 

Detailed Description

The SoSFImage class is used to store pixel images.

The SoSFImage class provides storage for inline 2D image maps. Images in Coin are mainly used for texture mapping support.

SoSFImage instances can be exported and imported as any other field class in Coin.

The components of an SoSFImage is: its image dimensions (width and height), the number of bytes used for describing each pixel (number of components) and an associated pixel buffer. The size of the pixel buffer will be width*height*components.

For texture maps, the components / bytes-per-pixel setting translates as follows: use 1 for a grayscale imagemap, 2 for grayscale + opacity (i.e. alpha value), 3 for RGB (1 byte each for red, green and blue) and 4 components means 3 bytes for RGB + 1 byte opacity value (aka RGBA).

This field is serializable into the Inventor / Coin file format in the following manner:

FIELDNAME X Y C 0xRRGGBBAA 0xRRGGBBAA ...

"X" and "Y" are the image dimensions along the given axes, "C" is the number of components in the image. The number of 0xRRGGBBAA pixel color specifications needs to equal the exact number of pixels, which of course is given by X*Y. Each part of the pixel color value is in the range 0x00 to 0xff (hexadecimal, 0 to 255 decimal).

For 3-component images, the pixel-format is 0xXXRRGGBB, where the byte in the pixel color value marked as "XX" is ignored and can be left out.

For 2-component images, the pixel-format is 0xXXXXGGAA, where the bytes in the pixel color values marked as "XX" are ignored and can be left out. "GG" is the part which gives a grayscale value and "AA" is for opacity.

For 1-component images, the pixel-format is 0xXXXXXXGG, where the bytes in the pixel color values marked as "XX" are ignored and can be left out.

The pixels are read as being ordered in rows along X (width) and columns along Y (height, bottom to top).

Here's a simple example of the file format serialization, for a 2x2 RGB-image inside an SoTexture2 node, as mapped onto an SoCube:

Complexity { textureQuality 0.1 } # set low to avoid smoothing
Texture2 {
image 2 2 4
0xffffffff 0x00ff0088 # white semi-transparent green
0xff0000ff 0xffff00ff # red yellow
}
Cube { }

The mini-scene graph above results in the following mapping on the cube:

sosfimage.png
Rendering of Example Scenegraph

The cube has only been slightly rotated, so as you can see from the snapshot, the Y-rows are mapped from bottom to top, while the X-column pixels are mapped onto the cube from left to right.

See also
SoTexture2, SoSFImage3

Member Function Documentation

◆ getTypeId()

SoType SoSFImage::getTypeId ( void  ) const
virtual

Returns the type identification instance which uniquely identifies the Coin field class the object belongs to.

See also
getClassTypeId(), SoType

Implements SoField.

◆ copyFrom()

void SoSFImage::copyFrom ( const SoField f)
virtual

Copy value(s) from f into this field. f must be of the same type as this field.

Implements SoField.

◆ isSame()

SbBool SoSFImage::isSame ( const SoField f) const
virtual

Check for equal type and value(s).

Implements SoField.

◆ getValue() [1/2]

const unsigned char * SoSFImage::getValue ( SbVec2s size,
int nc 
) const

Return pixel buffer, set size to contain the image dimensions and nc to the number of components in the image.

◆ getValue() [2/2]

const SbImage & SoSFImage::getValue ( void  ) const
Return values
SbImagecontained by this SoSFImage

◆ setValue()

void SoSFImage::setValue ( const SbVec2s size,
const int  nc,
const unsigned char *  pixels,
SoSFImage::CopyPolicy  copypolicy = COPY 
)

Initialize this field to size and nc.

If pixels is not NULL, the image data is copied from pixels into this field. If pixels is NULL, the image data is cleared by setting all bytes to 0 (note that the behavior on passing a NULL pointer is specific for Coin, Open Inventor will crash if you try it).

The image dimensions is given by the size argument, and the nc argument specifies the number of bytes-pr-pixel. A 24-bit RGB image would for instance have an nc equal to 3.

The copypolicy argument makes it possible to share image data with SoSFImage without the data being copied (thereby using less memory resources). The default is to copy image data from the pixels source into an internal copy.

Important note: if you call this with copypolicy as either NO_COPY_AND_DELETE or NO_COPY_AND_FREE, and your application is running on Microsoft Windows, be aware that you will get mysterious crashes if your application is not using the same C library runtime as the Coin library.

The cause of this is that a memory block would then be allocated by the application on the memory heap of one C library runtime (say, for instance MSVCRT.LIB), but attempted deallocated in the memory heap of another C library runtime (e.g. MSVCRTD.LIB), which typically leads to hard-to-debug crashes.

Since
The CopyPolicy argument was added in Coin 2.0.
CopyPolicy was added to TGS Inventor 3.0.

◆ operator==()

int SoSFImage::operator== ( const SoSFImage field) const

Compare image of field with the image in this field and return TRUE if they are equal.

◆ operator!=()

int SoSFImage::operator!= ( const SoSFImage field) const
inline

Compare image of field with the image in this field and return FALSE if they are equal.

◆ startEditing()

unsigned char * SoSFImage::startEditing ( SbVec2s size,
int nc 
)

Return pixel buffer. Return the image size and components in size and nc.

You cannot use this method to set a new image size. Use setValue() to change the size of the image buffer.

The field's container will not be notified about the changes until you call finishEditing().

◆ finishEditing()

void SoSFImage::finishEditing ( void  )

Notify the field's auditors that the image data have been modified.

◆ setSubValue()

void SoSFImage::setSubValue ( const SbVec2s dims,
const SbVec2s offset,
unsigned char *  pixels 
)

Not yet implemented for Coin. Get in touch if you need this method.

Since
Coin 2.0
TGS Inventor 3.0

◆ setSubValues()

void SoSFImage::setSubValues ( const SbVec2s dims,
const SbVec2s offsets,
int  num,
unsigned char **  pixelblocks 
)

Not yet implemented for Coin. Get in touch if you need this method.

Since
Coin 2.0
TGS Inventor 3.0

◆ getSubTexture()

unsigned char * SoSFImage::getSubTexture ( int  idx,
SbVec2s dims,
SbVec2s offset 
) const

Not yet implemented for Coin. Get in touch if you need this method.

Since
Coin 2.0
TGS Inventor 3.0

◆ hasSubTextures()

SbBool SoSFImage::hasSubTextures ( int numsubtextures)

Returns whether or not sub textures was set up for this field.

If TRUE is returned, the numsubtextures argument will be set to the number of sub textures in this image. This number can be used for iterating over all textures with the SoSFImage::getSubTextures() method.

Since
Coin 2.0
TGS Inventor 3.0

◆ setNeverWrite()

void SoSFImage::setNeverWrite ( SbBool  flag)

Set this flag to true to avoid writing out the texture to file. This can save a lot on file size.

Default value is FALSE (i.e. write texture data to file.)

(Note: yet unimplemented for Coin.)

Since
Coin 2.0
TGS Inventor ?.?

◆ isNeverWrite()

SbBool SoSFImage::isNeverWrite ( void  ) const

Returns value of "never write texture data" flag.

See also
SoSFImage::setNeverWrite()
Since
Coin 2.0
TGS Inventor ?.?

◆ hasTransparency()

SbBool SoSFImage::hasTransparency ( void  ) const

Returns TRUE if at least one pixel of the image in this field is not completely opaque, otherwise FALSE.

Since
Coin 2.0
TGS Inventor ?.?

The documentation for this class was generated from the following files: