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SoVRMLAudioClip Class Reference

The SoVRMLAudioClip class is used to load and store audio data. More...

#include <Inventor/VRMLnodes/SoVRMLAudioClip.h>

Inheritance diagram for SoVRMLAudioClip:
SoNode SoFieldContainer SoBase

Public Types

typedef void * open_func(const SbStringList &url, SoVRMLAudioClip *clip, void *userdataptr)
typedef size_t read_func(void *datasource, void *buffer, int numframes, int &channels, SoVRMLAudioClip *clip, void *userdataptr)
typedef int seek_func(void *datasource, long offset, int whence, SoVRMLAudioClip *clip, void *userdataptr)
typedef long tell_func(void *datasource, SoVRMLAudioClip *clip, void *userdataptr)
typedef int close_func(void *datasource, SoVRMLAudioClip *clip, void *userdataptr)
- Public Types inherited from SoNode
enum  NodeType {
  INVENTOR = 0x0000, VRML1 = 0x0001, VRML2 = 0x0002, INVENTOR_1 = 0x0004,
  INVENTOR_2_0 = 0x0008, INVENTOR_2_1 = 0x0010, INVENTOR_2_5 = 0x0020, INVENTOR_2_6 = 0x0040,
  COIN_1_0 = 0x0080, COIN_2_0 = 0x0100, EXTENSION = 0x0200, COIN_2_2 = 0x0400,
  COIN_2_3 = 0x0800, COIN_2_4 = 0x1000, INVENTOR_5_0 = 0x2000, COIN_2_5 = 0x4000,
  COIN_3_0 = 0x8000, INVENTOR_6_0 = 0x10000, COIN_4_0 = 0x20000

Public Member Functions

virtual SoType getTypeId (void) const
 Returns the type identification of an object derived from a class inheriting SoBase. This is used for runtime type checking and "downward" casting. More...
 SoVRMLAudioClip (void)
int getSampleRate ()
void * open (const SbStringList &url)
size_t read (void *datasource, void *buffer, int numframes, int &channels)
int seek (void *datasource, long offset, int whence)
long tell (void *datasource)
int close (void *datasource)
void setCallbacks (open_func *opencb, read_func *readcb, seek_func *seekcb, tell_func *tellcb, close_func *closecb, void *userdataptr)
- Public Member Functions inherited from SoNode
void setOverride (const SbBool state)
SbBool isOverride (void) const
void setNodeType (const NodeType type)
NodeType getNodeType (void) const
virtual SoNodecopy (SbBool copyconnections=FALSE) const
virtual SbBool affectsState (void) const
virtual void doAction (SoAction *action)
virtual void GLRender (SoGLRenderAction *action)
virtual void GLRenderBelowPath (SoGLRenderAction *action)
virtual void GLRenderInPath (SoGLRenderAction *action)
virtual void GLRenderOffPath (SoGLRenderAction *action)
virtual void callback (SoCallbackAction *action)
virtual void getBoundingBox (SoGetBoundingBoxAction *action)
virtual void getMatrix (SoGetMatrixAction *action)
virtual void handleEvent (SoHandleEventAction *action)
virtual void pick (SoPickAction *action)
virtual void rayPick (SoRayPickAction *action)
virtual void search (SoSearchAction *action)
virtual void write (SoWriteAction *action)
virtual void audioRender (SoAudioRenderAction *action)
virtual void getPrimitiveCount (SoGetPrimitiveCountAction *action)
virtual void grabEventsSetup (void)
virtual void grabEventsCleanup (void)
virtual void startNotify (void)
virtual void notify (SoNotList *l)
SbUniqueId getNodeId (void) const
virtual SoChildListgetChildren (void) const
virtual void writeInstance (SoOutput *out)
virtual SoNodeaddToCopyDict (void) const
virtual void copyContents (const SoFieldContainer *from, SbBool copyconnections)
virtual SoFieldContainercopyThroughConnection (void) const
- Public Member Functions inherited from SoFieldContainer
void setToDefaults (void)
SbBool hasDefaultValues (void) const
SbBool fieldsAreEqual (const SoFieldContainer *container) const
void copyFieldValues (const SoFieldContainer *container, SbBool copyconnections=FALSE)
SbBool set (const char *const fielddata)
void get (SbString &fielddata)
virtual int getFields (SoFieldList &l) const
virtual int getAllFields (SoFieldList &l) const
virtual SoFieldgetField (const SbName &name) const
virtual SoFieldgetEventIn (const SbName &name) const
virtual SoFieldgetEventOut (const SbName &name) const
SbBool getFieldName (const SoField *const field, SbName &name) const
SbBool enableNotify (const SbBool flag)
SbBool isNotifyEnabled (void) const
SbBool set (const char *fielddata, SoInput *input)
void get (SbString &fielddata, SoOutput *out)
virtual SbBool validateNewFieldValue (SoField *field, void *newval)
virtual void addWriteReference (SoOutput *out, SbBool isfromfield=FALSE)
SbBool getIsBuiltIn (void) const
virtual void getFieldsMemorySize (size_t &managed, size_t &unmanaged) const
void setUserData (void *userdata) const
void * getUserData (void) const
- Public Member Functions inherited from SoBase
void ref (void) const
void unref (void) const
void unrefNoDelete (void) const
int32_t getRefCount (void) const
void touch (void)
SbBool isOfType (SoType type) const
 Returns TRUE if the type of this object is either of the same type or inherited from type. More...
virtual SbName getName (void) const
virtual void setName (const SbName &newname)
void addAuditor (void *const auditor, const SoNotRec::Type type)
void removeAuditor (void *const auditor, const SoNotRec::Type type)
const SoAuditorListgetAuditors (void) const
SbBool shouldWrite (void)
void assertAlive (void) const

Static Public Member Functions

static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
static void initClass (void)
static void setSubdirectories (const SbList< SbString > &subdirectories)
static const SbStringListgetSubdirectories ()
static void setDefaultPauseBetweenTracks (SbTime pause)
static SbTime getDefaultPauseBetweenTracks ()
static void setDefaultIntroPause (SbTime pause)
static SbTime getDefaultIntroPause ()
static void setDefaultSampleRate (int samplerate)
static int getDefaultSampleRate ()
static void setDefaultTimerInterval (SbTime interval)
static SbTime getDefaultTimerInterval ()
- Static Public Member Functions inherited from SoNode
static uint32_t getCompatibilityTypes (const SoType &nodetype)
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
static SoNodegetByName (const SbName &name)
static int getByName (const SbName &name, SoNodeList &l)
static void initClass (void)
static void initClasses (void)
static SbUniqueId getNextNodeId (void)
static int getActionMethodIndex (const SoType type)
static void getBoundingBoxS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void GLRenderS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void callbackS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void getMatrixS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void handleEventS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void pickS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void rayPickS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void searchS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void writeS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void audioRenderS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void getPrimitiveCountS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
- Static Public Member Functions inherited from SoFieldContainer
static void initClass (void)
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
static void cleanupClass (void)
static void initCopyDict (void)
static void addCopy (const SoFieldContainer *orig, const SoFieldContainer *copy)
static SoFieldContainercheckCopy (const SoFieldContainer *orig)
static SoFieldContainerfindCopy (const SoFieldContainer *orig, const SbBool copyconnections)
static void copyDone (void)
- Static Public Member Functions inherited from SoBase
static void initClass (void)
 Sets up initialization for data common to all instances of this class, like submitting necessary information to the Coin type system.
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
 This static method returns the SoType object associated with objects of this class.
static void addName (SoBase *const base, const char *const name)
static void removeName (SoBase *const base, const char *const name)
static void incrementCurrentWriteCounter (void)
static void decrementCurrentWriteCounter (void)
static SoBasegetNamedBase (const SbName &name, SoType type)
static int getNamedBases (const SbName &name, SoBaseList &baselist, SoType type)
static SbBool read (SoInput *input, SoBase *&base, SoType expectedtype)
static void setInstancePrefix (const SbString &c)
static void setTraceRefs (SbBool trace)
static SbBool getTraceRefs (void)
static SbBool connectRoute (SoInput *input, const SbName &fromnodename, const SbName &fromfieldname, const SbName &tonodename, const SbName &tofieldname)
static SbBool readRoute (SoInput *input)

Public Attributes

SoSFString description
SoSFBool loop
SoSFFloat pitch
SoSFTime startTime
SoSFTime stopTime
SoMFString url

Protected Member Functions

virtual const SoFieldDatagetFieldData (void) const
virtual ~SoVRMLAudioClip ()
- Protected Member Functions inherited from SoNode
 SoNode (void)
virtual ~SoNode ()
virtual SbBool readInstance (SoInput *in, unsigned short flags)
- Protected Member Functions inherited from SoFieldContainer
 SoFieldContainer (void)
virtual ~SoFieldContainer ()
- Protected Member Functions inherited from SoBase
 SoBase (void)
virtual ~SoBase ()
virtual void destroy (void)
SbBool hasMultipleWriteRefs (void) const
SbBool writeHeader (SoOutput *out, SbBool isgroup, SbBool isengine) const
void writeFooter (SoOutput *out) const
virtual const char * getFileFormatName (void) const
virtual SoNotRec createNotRec (void)

Static Protected Member Functions

static const SoFieldData ** getFieldDataPtr (void)
- Static Protected Member Functions inherited from SoNode
static const SoFieldData ** getFieldDataPtr (void)
static void setNextActionMethodIndex (int index)
static int getNextActionMethodIndex (void)
static void incNextActionMethodIndex (void)
static void setCompatibilityTypes (const SoType &nodetype, const uint32_t bitmask)
- Static Protected Member Functions inherited from SoBase
static uint32_t getCurrentWriteCounter (void)
static void staticDataLock (void)
static void staticDataUnlock (void)

Protected Attributes

SoSFTime duration_changed
SoSFBool isActive
- Protected Attributes inherited from SoNode
SbUniqueId uniqueId
- Protected Attributes inherited from SoFieldContainer
SbBool isBuiltIn

Additional Inherited Members

- Protected Types inherited from SoBase
enum  BaseFlags { IS_ENGINE = 0x01, IS_GROUP = 0x02 }
- Static Protected Attributes inherited from SoNode
static SbUniqueId nextUniqueId = 1
static int nextActionMethodIndex = 0

Detailed Description

The SoVRMLAudioClip class is used to load and store audio data.

Audio data is loaded using the simage library, so make sure you have built the simage library with support for the audio file formats you intend to use (libogg, libvorbis and libvorbisfile for OggVorbis, libsndfile for WAV and several other formats).

The detailed class documentation is taken verbatim from the VRML97 standard (ISO/IEC 14772-1:1997). It is copyright The Web3D Consortium, and is used by permission of the Consortium:

AudioClip {
  exposedField   SFString description      ""
  exposedField   SFBool   loop             FALSE
  exposedField   SFFloat  pitch            1.0        # (0, inf)
  exposedField   SFTime   startTime        0          # (-inf, inf)
  exposedField   SFTime   stopTime         0          # (-inf, inf)
  exposedField   MFString url              []
  eventOut       SFTime   duration_changed
  eventOut       SFBool   isActive

An AudioClip node specifies audio data that can be referenced by Sound nodes. The description field specifies a textual description of the audio source. A browser is not required to display the description field but may choose to do so in addition to playing the sound. The url field specifies the URL from which the sound is loaded. Browsers shall support at least the wavefile format in uncompressed PCM format (see[WAV]). It is recommended that browsers also support the MIDI file type 1 sound format (see[MIDI]); MIDI files are presumed to use the General MIDI patch set. Subclause 4.5, VRML and the World Wide Web (, contains details on the url field. The results are undefined when no URLs refer to supported data types.

The loop, startTime, and stopTime exposedFields and the isActive eventOut, and their effects on the AudioClip node, are discussed in detail in 4.6.9, Time-dependent nodes ( The "cycle" of an AudioClip is the length of time in seconds for one playing of the audio at the specified pitch. The pitch field specifies a multiplier for the rate at which sampled sound is played. Values for the pitch field shall be greater than zero. Changing the pitch field affects both the pitch and playback speed of a sound. A set_pitch event to an active AudioClip is ignored and no pitch_changed eventOut is generated. If pitch is set to 2.0, the sound shall be played one octave higher than normal and played twice as fast. For a sampled sound, the pitch field alters the sampling rate at which the sound is played. The proper implementation of pitch control for MIDI (or other note sequence sound clips) is to multiply the tempo of the playback by the pitch value and adjust the MIDI Coarse Tune and Fine Tune controls to achieve the proper pitch change. A duration_changed event is sent whenever there is a new value for the "normal" duration of the clip. Typically, this will only occur when the current url in use changes and the sound data have been loaded, indicating that the clip is playing a different sound source. The duration is the length of time in seconds for one cycle of the audio for a pitch set to 1.0. Changing the pitch field will not trigger a duration_changed event. A duration value of "-1" implies that the sound data have not yet loaded or the value is unavailable for some reason. A duration_changed event shall be generated if the AudioClip node is loaded when the VRML file is read or the AudioClip node is added to the scene graph. The isActive eventOut may be used by other nodes to determine if the clip is currently active. If an AudioClip is active, it shall be playing the sound corresponding to the sound time (i.e., in the sound's local time system with sample 0 at time 0):

t = (now - startTime) modulo (duration / pitch)

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

◆ SoVRMLAudioClip()

SoVRMLAudioClip::SoVRMLAudioClip ( void  )


◆ ~SoVRMLAudioClip()

SoVRMLAudioClip::~SoVRMLAudioClip ( )


Member Function Documentation

◆ getTypeId()

SoType SoVRMLAudioClip::getTypeId ( void  ) const

Returns the type identification of an object derived from a class inheriting SoBase. This is used for runtime type checking and "downward" casting.

Usage example:

void foo(SoNode * node)
if (node->getTypeId() == SoFile::getClassTypeId()) {
SoFile * filenode = (SoFile *)node; // safe downward cast, knows the type

For application programmers wanting to extend the library with new nodes, engines, nodekits, draggers or others: this method needs to be overridden in all subclasses. This is typically done as part of setting up the full type system for extension classes, which is usually accomplished by using the predefined macros available through for instance Inventor/nodes/SoSubNode.h (SO_NODE_INIT_CLASS and SO_NODE_CONSTRUCTOR for node classes), Inventor/engines/SoSubEngine.h (for engine classes) and so on.

For more information on writing Coin extensions, see the class documentation of the top level superclasses for the various class groups.

Implements SoBase.

◆ getFieldData()

const SoFieldData * SoVRMLAudioClip::getFieldData ( void  ) const

Returns a pointer to the class-wide field data storage object for this instance. If no fields are present, returns NULL.

Reimplemented from SoFieldContainer.

◆ open()

void * SoVRMLAudioClip::open ( const SbStringList urlref)

Opens an audio source with the given url. Returns a handle to the datasource.

◆ read()

size_t SoVRMLAudioClip::read ( void *  datasource,
void *  buffer,
int  numframes,
int channels 

Reads numframes frames of audio with channels channels from datasource into buffer. Buffer must be allocated by the caller, and must be able to hold all the audio data (size = numframes * channels * sizeof(int16_t)). The function must always fill the buffer completely unless buffer == NULL.

When an error occurs, or when end-of-file has been reached, this function returns 0. Otherwise, the function should return numframes.

When the caller receives a return value of 0, it will queue the returned buffer for playing. When this buffer is finished playing, the caller will call read() one final time, with buffer == NULL. The read() function can then set the isActive field to FALSE, free any resources allocated, etc.

◆ seek()

int SoVRMLAudioClip::seek ( void *  datasource,
long  offset,
int  whence 

Moves the "filepointer" in the datasource, returns -1L on error.

◆ tell()

long SoVRMLAudioClip::tell ( void *  datasource)

Returns the current position of the "filepointer" in the datasource, or -1L on error.

◆ close()

int SoVRMLAudioClip::close ( void *  datasource)

Closes datasource.

◆ setCallbacks()

void SoVRMLAudioClip::setCallbacks ( open_func *  opencb,
read_func *  readcb,
seek_func *  seekcb,
tell_func *  tellcb,
close_func *  closecb,
void *  userdataptr 

Sets callbacks for opening, reading, seeking, telling and closing an audio source. Specifying NULL for a function is OK, except for the read function. If a function set to NULL is later called, a default implementation doing nothing is called in its place.

Member Data Documentation

◆ description

SoSFString SoVRMLAudioClip::description

Description of the audio clip. Default value is an empty string.

◆ loop

SoSFBool SoVRMLAudioClip::loop

Specifies whether sound should be looped. Is FALSE by default.

◆ pitch

SoSFFloat SoVRMLAudioClip::pitch

Specifies the pitch. The default value is 1.0.

Alters the sampling rate at which the sound is played. A pitch of 2.0 means that the sound should be played twice as fast and one octave higher than normal.

◆ startTime

SoSFTime SoVRMLAudioClip::startTime

Specifies the start time. Default value is 0.

◆ stopTime

SoSFTime SoVRMLAudioClip::stopTime

Specifies the stop time. Default value is 0.

◆ url

SoMFString SoVRMLAudioClip::url

The audio data URL.

◆ duration_changed


An eventOut sent when a new sound starts playing.

◆ isActive


This eventOut is sent when the sound starts/stops playing.

The documentation for this class was generated from the following files: