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SoTextureCombine Class Reference

The SoTextureCombine class is a node for setting texture combine functions. More...

#include <Inventor/nodes/SoTextureCombine.h>

Inheritance diagram for SoTextureCombine:
SoNode SoFieldContainer SoBase

Public Types

enum  Source { PRIMARY_COLOR = SoTextureCombineElement::PRIMARY_COLOR, TEXTURE = SoTextureCombineElement::TEXTURE, CONSTANT = SoTextureCombineElement::CONSTANT, PREVIOUS = SoTextureCombineElement::PREVIOUS }
 
enum  Operand { SRC_COLOR = SoTextureCombineElement::SRC_COLOR, ONE_MINUS_SRC_COLOR = SoTextureCombineElement::ONE_MINUS_SRC_COLOR, SRC_ALPHA = SoTextureCombineElement::SRC_ALPHA, ONE_MINUS_SRC_ALPHA = SoTextureCombineElement::ONE_MINUS_SRC_ALPHA }
 
enum  Operation {
  REPLACE = SoTextureCombineElement::REPLACE, MODULATE = SoTextureCombineElement::MODULATE, ADD = SoTextureCombineElement::ADD, ADD_SIGNED = SoTextureCombineElement::ADD_SIGNED,
  SUBTRACT = SoTextureCombineElement::SUBTRACT, INTERPOLATE = SoTextureCombineElement::INTERPOLATE, DOT3_RGB = SoTextureCombineElement::DOT3_RGB, DOT3_RGBA = SoTextureCombineElement::DOT3_RGBA
}
 
- Public Types inherited from SoNode
enum  NodeType {
  INVENTOR = 0x0000, VRML1 = 0x0001, VRML2 = 0x0002, INVENTOR_1 = 0x0004,
  INVENTOR_2_0 = 0x0008, INVENTOR_2_1 = 0x0010, INVENTOR_2_5 = 0x0020, INVENTOR_2_6 = 0x0040,
  COIN_1_0 = 0x0080, COIN_2_0 = 0x0100, EXTENSION = 0x0200, COIN_2_2 = 0x0400,
  COIN_2_3 = 0x0800, COIN_2_4 = 0x1000, INVENTOR_5_0 = 0x2000, COIN_2_5 = 0x4000,
  COIN_3_0 = 0x8000, INVENTOR_6_0 = 0x10000, COIN_4_0 = 0x20000
}
 

Public Member Functions

virtual SoType getTypeId (void) const
 Returns the type identification of an object derived from a class inheriting SoBase. This is used for runtime type checking and "downward" casting. More...
 
 SoTextureCombine (void)
 
virtual void doAction (SoAction *action)
 
virtual void callback (SoCallbackAction *action)
 
virtual void GLRender (SoGLRenderAction *action)
 
virtual void pick (SoPickAction *action)
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from SoNode
void setOverride (const SbBool state)
 
SbBool isOverride (void) const
 
void setNodeType (const NodeType type)
 
NodeType getNodeType (void) const
 
virtual SoNodecopy (SbBool copyconnections=FALSE) const
 
virtual SbBool affectsState (void) const
 
virtual void GLRenderBelowPath (SoGLRenderAction *action)
 
virtual void GLRenderInPath (SoGLRenderAction *action)
 
virtual void GLRenderOffPath (SoGLRenderAction *action)
 
virtual void getBoundingBox (SoGetBoundingBoxAction *action)
 
virtual void getMatrix (SoGetMatrixAction *action)
 
virtual void handleEvent (SoHandleEventAction *action)
 
virtual void rayPick (SoRayPickAction *action)
 
virtual void search (SoSearchAction *action)
 
virtual void write (SoWriteAction *action)
 
virtual void audioRender (SoAudioRenderAction *action)
 
virtual void getPrimitiveCount (SoGetPrimitiveCountAction *action)
 
virtual void grabEventsSetup (void)
 
virtual void grabEventsCleanup (void)
 
virtual void startNotify (void)
 
virtual void notify (SoNotList *l)
 
SbUniqueId getNodeId (void) const
 
virtual SoChildListgetChildren (void) const
 
virtual void writeInstance (SoOutput *out)
 
virtual SoNodeaddToCopyDict (void) const
 
virtual void copyContents (const SoFieldContainer *from, SbBool copyconnections)
 
virtual SoFieldContainercopyThroughConnection (void) const
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from SoFieldContainer
void setToDefaults (void)
 
SbBool hasDefaultValues (void) const
 
SbBool fieldsAreEqual (const SoFieldContainer *container) const
 
void copyFieldValues (const SoFieldContainer *container, SbBool copyconnections=FALSE)
 
SbBool set (const char *const fielddata)
 
void get (SbString &fielddata)
 
virtual int getFields (SoFieldList &l) const
 
virtual int getAllFields (SoFieldList &l) const
 
virtual SoFieldgetField (const SbName &name) const
 
virtual SoFieldgetEventIn (const SbName &name) const
 
virtual SoFieldgetEventOut (const SbName &name) const
 
SbBool getFieldName (const SoField *const field, SbName &name) const
 
SbBool enableNotify (const SbBool flag)
 
SbBool isNotifyEnabled (void) const
 
SbBool set (const char *fielddata, SoInput *input)
 
void get (SbString &fielddata, SoOutput *out)
 
virtual SbBool validateNewFieldValue (SoField *field, void *newval)
 
virtual void addWriteReference (SoOutput *out, SbBool isfromfield=FALSE)
 
SbBool getIsBuiltIn (void) const
 
virtual void getFieldsMemorySize (size_t &managed, size_t &unmanaged) const
 
void setUserData (void *userdata) const
 
void * getUserData (void) const
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from SoBase
void ref (void) const
 
void unref (void) const
 
void unrefNoDelete (void) const
 
int32_t getRefCount (void) const
 
void touch (void)
 
SbBool isOfType (SoType type) const
 Returns TRUE if the type of this object is either of the same type or inherited from type. More...
 
virtual SbName getName (void) const
 
virtual void setName (const SbName &newname)
 
void addAuditor (void *const auditor, const SoNotRec::Type type)
 
void removeAuditor (void *const auditor, const SoNotRec::Type type)
 
const SoAuditorListgetAuditors (void) const
 
SbBool shouldWrite (void)
 
void assertAlive (void) const
 

Static Public Member Functions

static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
 
static void initClass (void)
 
- Static Public Member Functions inherited from SoNode
static uint32_t getCompatibilityTypes (const SoType &nodetype)
 
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
 
static SoNodegetByName (const SbName &name)
 
static int getByName (const SbName &name, SoNodeList &l)
 
static void initClass (void)
 
static void initClasses (void)
 
static SbUniqueId getNextNodeId (void)
 
static int getActionMethodIndex (const SoType type)
 
static void getBoundingBoxS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
 
static void GLRenderS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
 
static void callbackS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
 
static void getMatrixS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
 
static void handleEventS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
 
static void pickS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
 
static void rayPickS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
 
static void searchS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
 
static void writeS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
 
static void audioRenderS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
 
static void getPrimitiveCountS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
 
- Static Public Member Functions inherited from SoFieldContainer
static void initClass (void)
 
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
 
static void cleanupClass (void)
 
static void initCopyDict (void)
 
static void addCopy (const SoFieldContainer *orig, const SoFieldContainer *copy)
 
static SoFieldContainercheckCopy (const SoFieldContainer *orig)
 
static SoFieldContainerfindCopy (const SoFieldContainer *orig, const SbBool copyconnections)
 
static void copyDone (void)
 
- Static Public Member Functions inherited from SoBase
static void initClass (void)
 Sets up initialization for data common to all instances of this class, like submitting necessary information to the Coin type system.
 
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
 This static method returns the SoType object associated with objects of this class.
 
static void addName (SoBase *const base, const char *const name)
 
static void removeName (SoBase *const base, const char *const name)
 
static void incrementCurrentWriteCounter (void)
 
static void decrementCurrentWriteCounter (void)
 
static SoBasegetNamedBase (const SbName &name, SoType type)
 
static int getNamedBases (const SbName &name, SoBaseList &baselist, SoType type)
 
static SbBool read (SoInput *input, SoBase *&base, SoType expectedtype)
 
static void setInstancePrefix (const SbString &c)
 
static void setTraceRefs (SbBool trace)
 
static SbBool getTraceRefs (void)
 
static SbBool connectRoute (SoInput *input, const SbName &fromnodename, const SbName &fromfieldname, const SbName &tonodename, const SbName &tofieldname)
 
static SbBool readRoute (SoInput *input)
 

Public Attributes

SoMFEnum rgbSource
 
SoMFEnum alphaSource
 
SoMFEnum rgbOperand
 
SoMFEnum alphaOperand
 
SoSFEnum rgbOperation
 
SoSFEnum alphaOperation
 
SoSFFloat rgbScale
 
SoSFFloat alphaScale
 
SoSFVec4f constantColor
 

Protected Member Functions

virtual const SoFieldDatagetFieldData (void) const
 
virtual ~SoTextureCombine ()
 
- Protected Member Functions inherited from SoNode
 SoNode (void)
 
virtual ~SoNode ()
 
virtual SbBool readInstance (SoInput *in, unsigned short flags)
 
- Protected Member Functions inherited from SoFieldContainer
 SoFieldContainer (void)
 
virtual ~SoFieldContainer ()
 
- Protected Member Functions inherited from SoBase
 SoBase (void)
 
virtual ~SoBase ()
 
virtual void destroy (void)
 
SbBool hasMultipleWriteRefs (void) const
 
SbBool writeHeader (SoOutput *out, SbBool isgroup, SbBool isengine) const
 
void writeFooter (SoOutput *out) const
 
virtual const char * getFileFormatName (void) const
 
virtual SoNotRec createNotRec (void)
 

Static Protected Member Functions

static const SoFieldData ** getFieldDataPtr (void)
 
- Static Protected Member Functions inherited from SoNode
static const SoFieldData ** getFieldDataPtr (void)
 
static void setNextActionMethodIndex (int index)
 
static int getNextActionMethodIndex (void)
 
static void incNextActionMethodIndex (void)
 
static void setCompatibilityTypes (const SoType &nodetype, const uint32_t bitmask)
 
- Static Protected Member Functions inherited from SoBase
static uint32_t getCurrentWriteCounter (void)
 
static void staticDataLock (void)
 
static void staticDataUnlock (void)
 

Additional Inherited Members

- Protected Types inherited from SoBase
enum  BaseFlags { IS_ENGINE = 0x01, IS_GROUP = 0x02 }
 
- Protected Attributes inherited from SoNode
SbUniqueId uniqueId
 
- Protected Attributes inherited from SoFieldContainer
SbBool isBuiltIn
 
- Static Protected Attributes inherited from SoNode
static SbUniqueId nextUniqueId = 1
 
static int nextActionMethodIndex = 0
 

Detailed Description

The SoTextureCombine class is a node for setting texture combine functions.

This node is more or less an exact mapping of the OpenGL ARB_texture_env_combine extension (included in OpenGL in OpenGL v1.3). See http://oss.sgi.com/projects/ogl-sample/registry/ARB/texture_env_combine.txt for more information about this extension.

Basically this node lets you specify up to three sources, and a function to combine those sources. In addition to the function, it is possible to apply simple operands on the sources. In the documentation below, the sources will be called Arg0, Arg1, and Arg2, just like in the ARB_texture_env_mode specification.

It's possible to specify both a color and an alpha operation.

This node has many fields, but usually it is sufficient to set only one or very few fields. The selected operation decides which values you need to set. One common example is to add a light map to textured geometry. A light map can look like this:

lightmap.jpg
Rendering of an Example LightMap

The example below just shows how to apply the light map to a cube, with one light source on each side of the cube. Usually the texture coordinates are calculated so that a spot light or a point light is simulated.

Texture2 { filename "wood.jpg" }

Switch {
  whichChild -3   # use to toggle light map on/off
  TextureUnit {
    unit 1
  }
  TextureCombine {
    rgbOperation ADD_SIGNED
    rgbSource [PREVIOUS, TEXTURE]
    rgbOperand [SRC_COLOR, SRC_COLOR ]
    alphaOperation REPLACE
    alphaSource [TEXTURE]
    alphaOperand [SRC_ALPHA]
  }
  Texture2 { filename "lightmap.jpg" }
  TextureUnit { unit 0 }
}
Cube { }

The scene above in a viewer:

lightmap_screenshot.png
Rendering of Example Scenegraph

In addition to the functions you can set in rgbOperation (or alphaOperation), it's possible to create more complex texture functions by combining two textures that have already been combined. You can use the SoSceneTexture2 node to create those textures. Below is an example that shows how to implement Arg0*Arg1

  • Arg2*Arg0, where Arg0 = texture1 RGB, Arg1 = texture2 RGB, Arg2 = texture 2 alpha:
ShapeHints { vertexOrdering COUNTERCLOCKWISE shapeType SOLID }

Separator {
  SceneTexture2 {
    size 256 256
    transparencyFunction NONE
    scene Separator {
      OrthographicCamera {
        height 2
        aspectRatio 1
        position 0 0 1
        viewportMapping LEAVE_ALONE
      }
      LightModel { model BASE_COLOR }
      Coordinate3 {
        point [ -1 -1 0, 1 -1 0, 1 1 0, -1 1 0 ] 
      }
      DEF texture1 Texture2 { filename "texture1.png" }
      TextureUnit { unit 1 }
      TextureCombine {
        rgbOperation MODULATE
        rgbSource [ PREVIOUS, TEXTURE ]
        rgbOperand [ SRC_COLOR, SRC_COLOR ]
        alphaOperation REPLACE
        alphaSource [TEXTURE]
        alphaOperand [ SRC_ALPHA ]
      }
      DEF texture2 Texture2 { filename "texture2_with_alpha.png" }
      TextureCoordinate2 {
        point [0 0, 1 0, 1 1, 0 1]
      }
      FaceSet { numVertices 4 }
    }
  }
  TextureUnit { unit 1 }
  TextureCombine {
    rgbOperation ADD
    rgbSource [ PREVIOUS, TEXTURE ]
    rgbOperand [ SRC_COLOR, SRC_COLOR ]
    alphaOperation REPLACE
    alphaSource [TEXTURE]
    alphaOperand [ SRC_ALPHA ]
  }
  SceneTexture2 {
    size 256 256
    transparencyFunction NONE
    scene Separator {
      OrthographicCamera {
        height 2
        aspectRatio 1
        position 0 0 1
        viewportMapping LEAVE_ALONE
      }
      LightModel { model BASE_COLOR }
      Coordinate3 {
        point [ -1 -1 0, 1 -1 0, 1 1 0, -1 1 0 ] 
      }
      USE texture1
      TextureUnit { unit 1 }
      TextureCombine {
        rgbOperation MODULATE
        rgbSource [ PREVIOUS, TEXTURE ]
        rgbOperand [ SRC_COLOR, SRC_ALPHA ]
        alphaOperation REPLACE
        alphaSource [TEXTURE]
        alphaOperand [ SRC_ALPHA ]
      }
      USE texture2
      TextureCoordinate2 {
        point [0 0, 1 0, 1 1, 0 1]
      }
      FaceSet { numVertices 4 }
    }
  }
  # map resulting texture onto a Cube
  Cube { }
}

It should be possible to create almost any kind of texture function using this scheme, at the cost of extra texture memory usage (the intermediate textures), of course.

FILE FORMAT/DEFAULTS:

TextureCombine {
rgbSource [ ]
alphaSource [ ]
rgbOperand [ ]
alphaOperand [ ]
rgbOperation MODULATE
alphaOperation MODULATE
rgbScale 1
alphaScale 1
constantColor 1 1 1 1
}
Since
Coin 2.3

Member Enumeration Documentation

◆ Source

For enumerating combiner sources.

Enumerator
PRIMARY_COLOR 

Choose primary color as source.

TEXTURE 

Choose texture as source.

CONSTANT 

Choose the constantColor field as source.

PREVIOUS 

Choose the previous unit's texture as source.

◆ Operand

For enumerating source operands.

Enumerator
SRC_COLOR 

Use the source color as operand.

ONE_MINUS_SRC_COLOR 

Use one minus source color as operand.

SRC_ALPHA 

Use the source alpha as operand.

ONE_MINUS_SRC_ALPHA 

Use one minus source alpha as operand.

◆ Operation

For enumerating combiner operations/functions.

Enumerator
REPLACE 

dst = Arg0

MODULATE 

dst = Arg0 * Arg1

ADD 

dst = Arg0 + Arg1

ADD_SIGNED 

dst = Arg0 + Arg1 - 0.5

SUBTRACT 

dst = Arg0 - Arg1

INTERPOLATE 

dst = Arg0 * (Arg2) + Arg1 * (1-Arg2)

DOT3_RGB 

Dot product of Arg0 and Arg1

DOT3_RGBA 

Dot product (including alpha) of Arg0 and Arg1

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

◆ SoTextureCombine()

SoTextureCombine::SoTextureCombine ( void  )

Constructor.

◆ ~SoTextureCombine()

SoTextureCombine::~SoTextureCombine ( )
protectedvirtual

Destructor.

Member Function Documentation

◆ getClassTypeId()

SoType SoTextureCombine::getClassTypeId ( void  )
static

SoTextureCombine::rgbSource

The color sources. This field is empty by default, but you can insert up to three values [Arg0, Arg1, Arg2]. When the field contains less than three values, the default [TEXTURE, PREVIOUS, CONSTANT], will be used for missing values.

For texture unit 0, PREVIOUS maps to PRIMARY_COLOR,

SoTextureCombine::alphaSource

The alpha sources. This field is empty by default, but you can insert up to three values [Arg0, Arg1, Arg2]. When the field contains less than three values, the default [TEXTURE, PREVIOUS, CONSTANT], will be used for missing values.

For texture unit 0, PREVIOUS maps to PRIMARY_COLOR,

SoTextureCombine::rgbOperand

The color operands. This field is empty by default, but you can insert up to three values. When the field contains less than three values, the default [SRC_COLOR, SRC_COLOR, SRC_COLOR] will be used for missing values.

SoTextureCombine::alphaOperand

The alpha operands. This field is empty by default, but you can insert up to three values. When the field contains less than three values, the default [SRC_ALPHA, SRC_ALPHA, SRC_ALPHA] will be used for missing values. Please not that only SRC_ALPHA and ONE_MINUS_SRC_ALPHA are valid operands for alpha operations.

SoTextureCombine::rgbOperation

The color operation. Default value is MODULATE.

SoTextureCombine::alphaOperation

The alpha operation. Default value is MODULATE.

SoTextureCombine::rgbScale

Scale color result by this value. Supported values are 1, 2, and 4.

SoTextureCombine::alphaScale

Scale alpha result by this value. Supported values are 1, 2, and 4.

SoTextureCombine::constantColor

The constant color (when CONSTANT is used as source). Default value is (1,1,1,1).

◆ getTypeId()

SoType SoTextureCombine::getTypeId ( void  ) const
virtual

Returns the type identification of an object derived from a class inheriting SoBase. This is used for runtime type checking and "downward" casting.

Usage example:

void foo(SoNode * node)
{
if (node->getTypeId() == SoFile::getClassTypeId()) {
SoFile * filenode = (SoFile *)node; // safe downward cast, knows the type
}
}

For application programmers wanting to extend the library with new nodes, engines, nodekits, draggers or others: this method needs to be overridden in all subclasses. This is typically done as part of setting up the full type system for extension classes, which is usually accomplished by using the predefined macros available through for instance Inventor/nodes/SoSubNode.h (SO_NODE_INIT_CLASS and SO_NODE_CONSTRUCTOR for node classes), Inventor/engines/SoSubEngine.h (for engine classes) and so on.

For more information on writing Coin extensions, see the class documentation of the top level superclasses for the various class groups.

Implements SoBase.

◆ getFieldData()

const SoFieldData * SoTextureCombine::getFieldData ( void  ) const
protectedvirtual

Returns a pointer to the class-wide field data storage object for this instance. If no fields are present, returns NULL.

Reimplemented from SoFieldContainer.

◆ doAction()

void SoTextureCombine::doAction ( SoAction action)
virtual

This function performs the typical operation of a node for any action.

Reimplemented from SoNode.

◆ callback()

void SoTextureCombine::callback ( SoCallbackAction action)
virtual

Action method for SoCallbackAction.

Simply updates the state according to how the node behaves for the render action, so the application programmer can use the SoCallbackAction for extracting information about the scene graph.

Reimplemented from SoNode.

◆ GLRender()

void SoTextureCombine::GLRender ( SoGLRenderAction action)
virtual

Action method for the SoGLRenderAction.

This is called during rendering traversals. Nodes influencing the rendering state in any way or want to throw geometry primitives at OpenGL override this method.

Reimplemented from SoNode.

◆ pick()

void SoTextureCombine::pick ( SoPickAction action)
virtual

Action method for SoPickAction.

Does common processing for SoPickAction action instances.

Reimplemented from SoNode.


The documentation for this class was generated from the following files: